Vermont Facts

Total Population: 623,908 (2006, US Census Bureau)
Land Area: 9,609 square miles
Capital City: Montpelier (population of 8,392)
Largest City: Burlington (population of 54,339)
State Motto: Freedom and Unity  
State Nickname: Green Mountain State
Date of Statehood: March 4, 1791 

State Governor: Peter Shumlin 
Peter Shumlin is the 81st governor of Vermont. His career in public service began in Putney almost 30 years ago, when, in 1980 at the age of 24, he was elected to serve on the town’s selectboard. For more information about the governor, visit

To learn more about Vermont's Capitol Building, and for information on tours, click here.

The State Flag of Vermont: The design of the Vermont state flag is derived from a painting made for the state coat of arms. It is based on the state seal that was adopted in 1779. The pine tree is a typical symbol in New England. The cows and wheat sheaves represent dairy and agriculture industries. The Green Mountains are in the distance.

Vermont State Flower: Red Clover, Trifolium pratense.  No. 159 of the Acts of 1894, effective February 1, 1895, designated the red clover as the official State Flower. Both an integral part of many a cultivated hay field and a common sight along numerous Vermont roadsides, the red clover is symbolic of Vermont's scenic countryside and of its many dairy farms.

Vermont State Bird: Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus.  The hermit thrush was adopted as the official state bird of Vermont by an act of the Legislature in 1941, effective June 1, 1941.

Vermont State Animal: Morgan Horse, Equus cabullus morganensis.  The beautiful Morgan horse was adopted as the state horse of Vermont in 1961. The National Museum of the Morgan Horse is located in Shelburne, VT.

Vermont State Poet Laureate: Ruth Stone.  Ruth Stone was born on June 8, 1915, in Roanoke, Virginia. Her recent books of poetry include In the Next Galaxy (Copper Canyon 2002). She has been a resident of Vermont since 1957. Read some of her poems online here.

Vermont State Quarter: On August 6, 2001, the first Vermont state quarters were released. It is the fourteenth quarter released in the 50 State Quarters Program. The design highlights two important features of Vermont: Camel's Hump, one of the highest peaks, and maple sugaring, a primary industry of Vermont.

Vermont State Tree: Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum

Towns & Cities: Vermont has 246 “organized” and “5” unorganized towns and cities. The 251 Club of Vermont encourages its members to visit all 251 towns and cities. .  

Interesting Facts:

  • Vermont is considered the most rural of the United States because a large percentage of its residents live in communities of less than 2,500.
  • Vermont's employment base consists of production of electronic components and equipment, machine tools, specialty products, quarried and finished stone, and printing.
  • Manufacturing is a major employer, producing a range of goods from computer chips to teddy bears.
  • Dairying is the primary farm industry in Vermont, producing more than two billion pounds of milk annually.
  • Vermont is America's largest producer of maple syrup and also produces substantial crops of McIntosh apples, potatoes, eggs, honey, vegetables, Christmas trees, lumber and pulp wood, and greenhouse nursery products.